Preamble


We the Peoples persons humans of the United States

North America how ever within the Planet Earth, in

order to form a more perfect union, establish justice,

insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common

defense, promote the general welfare, and secure

the blessing of liberty to ourselves and our posterity,

do ordain and establish the Constitution of the United

States of America for PEACE AND GOOD WILL to Planet

Earth Constitution.





Article I.

Sect. 1. All legislative powers herein granted shall

be vested in a Congress of the United States, which

shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives.

Sect. 2. The House of Representatives shall be

composed of members chosen every second year by the

people of the several states, and the electors in

each state shall have the qualifications requisite for

electors of the most numerous branch of the

state legislature. No person, or human shall be

a representative who shall not have attained

to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven

years a citizen of the United States, and who shall

not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state

in which he or her shall be chosen. Representative

and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the

several states which may be included within

this Union, according to their respective numbers,

which shall be determined by adding to the whole

number of free persons, including those bound to

service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not

taxed, three-fifths of all other persons. The

actual enumeration shall be made within three

years after the first meeting of the Congress

of the United States, and within every subsequent

term of ten years in such manner as they shall be

law direct. The number of representative

shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand,

but each state shall have at least one representative;

and until such enumeration shall be made, the state

of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose three,

Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence

Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six,

New-Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one,

Maryland six, Virginia ten, North-Carolina five,

South- Carolina five, and Georgia three. When

vacancies happen in the representation from any

state, the Executive authority thereof shall issue

writs of election to fill such vacancies.

The House of Representatives shall choose the

Speaker and other officers; and shall have the

sole power of impeachment.

Sect. 3. The Senate of the United States shall

be composed of two senators from each state chosen

by the legislature thereof, for six years and each

senator shall have one vote. Immediately after

they shall be assembled in consequence of the

first election, they hall be divided as

equally as may be into three classes. The

seats of the senators of the first class shall

be vacated at the expiration of the second year, of

the second class at the expiration of the fourth

year, and of the third class at the expiration of

the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen

every second year; and if vacancies happen by

resignation, or otherwise during the recess of

the legislature of any state, the Executive thereof

may make temporary appointments until the next

meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill

such vacancies. No person shall be a senator who

shall not have attained to the age of thirty years,

and been nine years a citizen of the United States,

who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of

that state for which he or her shall be chosen.

The Vice-President of the United States shall

be President of the Senate, but shall have no

vote unless they be equally divided. The Senate

shall choose their other officers, and also a

President protempore, in the absence of the

Vice-President, or when he or her shall exercise

the office of President of the United

States. The Senate shall have the sole power

to try all impeachment's. When sitting for that

purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation.

When the President of the United States is tried,

the Chief Justice shall preside: And no person shall

be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds

of the members present. Judgement in cases of

impeachment shall not extend further than to

removal from office and disqualification to hold

and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit

under the United States; but the party convicted

shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment,

trial, judgment and punishment, according to law.

Sect. 4. The times, places and manner of holding

elections for senators and representatives, shall

be prescribed in each state by the legislature

thereof: but the Congress may at any time by

law make or alter such regulations, except as

to the places of choosing Senators.

The Congress shall assemble at least once in

every year, and such meeting shall be on the

first Monday in December, unless they shall

be law appoint a different day.

Sect. 5. Each house shall be the judge of the

elections, returns and qualifications of its

own members, and a majority of each shall

constitute a quorum to do business; but a

smaller number may adjourn from day to day,

and may be authorized to compel the attendance

of absent members, in such manner, and under

such penalties as each house may provide. Each

house may determine the rules of its proceedings,

punish its members for disorderly behavior, and

with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member.

Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings,

and from time to time publish the same, excepting

such parts as may in their judgment require secrecy;

and the yeas and nays of the members either house

on any question shall, at the desire of one-fifth

of those present be entered on the journal. Neither

house, during the session of Congress shall, without

the consent of the other, adjourn for more than

three days, nor to any other place than that in which

the two houses shall be sitting.

Sect. 6. The senators and representatives shall receive a

compensation for their services, to be ascertained

by law, and paid out of the treasury of the United

States. They shall in all cases, except treason,

felony and breach of the peace, be privileged from

arrest during their attendance at the session of

their respective houses, and in going to and returning

from the same; and for any speech or debate in either

house, they shall not be questioned in any other place.

No senator or representative shall, during the time

for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil

office under the authority of the United States,

which shall have been created, or the emoluments

whereof shall have been increased during such

time; and no person holding any office under the

United States, shall be a member of either house

during his or her continuance in office.

Sect. 7. All bill for raising revenue shall

originate in the house of representative; but the

senate may propose or concur with amendments as

on other bills. Every bill which shall have passed

the house of representatives and the senate,

shall, before it become a law, be presented to

the president of the United States; if he or her

approve he or her shall sign it, but if not he or

her shall return it, with his objections to that

house in which it shall have originated, who

shall enter the objections at large on their

journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after

such reconsideration two-thirds of that house

shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent,

together with the objections, to the other house,

by which is shall likewise be reconsidered,

and if approved by two-thirds of that house, it

shall become a law. But in all such cases the

votes of both houses shall be determined

by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons

voting for and against the bill shall be entered

on the journal of each house respectively.

If any bill shall not be returned by the

President within ten days (Sundays excepted)

after it shall have been presented to him or her,

the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he

or her had signed it, unless the Congress by

their adjournment prevent its return, in which

case it shall not be a law. Every order,

resolution, or vote to which the concurrence

of the Senate and House of Representative may

be necessary (except on a question of adjournment)

shall be presented to the President of the United

States; and before the same shall take effect,

shall be approved by him or her, or being

disapproved by him or her, shall be repassed

by two-thirds of the Senate and House of

Representatives, according to the rules and

limitations prescribed in the case of a bill.

Sect. 8. The Congress shall have power To lay

and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises,

to pay the debts and provide for the common

defense and general welfare of the United

States; but all duties, imposts and excises

shall be uniform throughout the United States.

To borrow money on the credit of the United

States; To regulate commerce with

foreign nations, and among the several states,

and with the Indian tribes; To establish an

uniform rule of naturalization, and inform laws

on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the

United States; To coin money, regulate the value

thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard

of weights and measures; To provide for the

punishment of counterfeiting the securities and

current coin of the United States; To establish

post offices and post roads; To promote the

progress of science and useful arts, by securing

for limited times to authors and inventors the

exclusive right to their respective writings and

discoveries; To constitute tribunals inferior

to the supreme court; To define and punish

piracies and felonies committed on the high seas,

and offences against the law of nations; To

declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal,

and make rules concerning captures on land

and water; To raise and support armies, but

no appropriation of money to that use shall

be for a longer term than two years; To provide

and maintain a navy; To make rules for the

government and regulation of the land and naval

forces; To provide for calling forth the

militia to execute the laws of the union,

suppress insurrections and repel invasions.;

To provide for organizing, arming, and

disciplining, the militia, and for governing

such part of them as may be employed in the service

of the United States, reserving to the

States respectively, the appointment of the

officers, and the authority of training the militia

according to the discipline prescribed by

Congress; To exercise exclusive legislation in

all cases whatsoever, over such district (not

exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession

of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress,

become the seat of the government of the United

States, and to exercise like authority over all

places purchased by the consent of the legislature

of the states in which the same shall be, for the

erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dockyards,

and other needful buildings; -And To make all laws

which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into

execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers

vested by the Constitution in the government of the

United States, or in any department or officer thereof.

Sect. 9. The migration or importation of such

persons or human as any of the states now existing

shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited

by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight

hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed

on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for

each person or human. The privilege of the

writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended,

unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion

the public safety require it. No bill of attainder

or ex post facto law shall be passed. No capitation,

or other direct, tax shall be laid, unless in proportion

to the census or enumeration herein before directed to be

taken. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported

from any state. No preference shall be given by any

regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one

state over those of another: nor shall vessels bound

to, or from, one state, be obliged to enter, clear,

or pay duties in another. No money shall be drawn

from the treasury, but in consequence of appropriations

made by law; and a regular statement and account of

the receipts and expenditures of all public money

shall be published from time to time. No title

of nobility shall be granted by the United States:

--And no person holding any office of profit or trust

under them, shall, without the consent of the

Congress, accept of any present, emolument,

office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any

king, prince, or foreign state.

Sect. 10. No state shall enter into any treaty,

alliance, or confederation; grant letters of

marque and reprisal; coin money; emit bills

of credit; make any thing but gold and silver

coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any

bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law

impairing the obligation of contracts, or

grant any title of nobility. No state shall,

without the consent of the Congress, lay any

imposts or duties on imports or exports, except

what may be absolutely necessary for executing

its inspection laws; and the net produce of

all duties and imposts, laid by any state

on imports or exports, shall be for the use of

the Treasury of the United States; all such

laws shall be subject to the revision and

control of the Congress. No state shall,

without the consent of Congress, lay any

duty of tonnage, keep troops, or ships

of war in time of peace, enter into any

agreement or compact with another state,

or with a foreign power, or engage in war,

unless actually invaded, or in such

imminent danger as will not admit of delay.

Article II.

Sect. 1. The executive power shall be vested

in a president of the United States of America.

He or her shall hold his or her office during

the term of four years, and, together with the

vice-president, chosen for the same term, be

elected as follows. Each state shall appoint,

in such manner as the legislature thereof may

direct, a number of electors, equal to the

whole number of senators and representatives

to which the state may be entitled in the

Congress: but no senator or representative,

or person holding an office of trust or profit under

the United States, shall be appointed an elector.

The electors shall meet in their respective states,

and vote by ballot for two persons, of whom one

at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same state

with themselves. And they shall make a list

of all the persons voted for, and of the number

of votes for each; which list they shall sign

and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the

government of the United States, directed to the

president of the senate. The president of the

senate shall, in the presence of the senate

and house of representatives, open all the

certificates, and the votes shall then be

counted. The person or human having the

greatest number of votes shall be the

president, if such number be a majority

of the whole number of electors appointed; and if

there be more than one who have such majority,

and have am equal number of electors appointed;

and if there be more than one who have such

majority, and have an equal number of

votes, then the house of representatives shall

immediately choose by ballot one of them for

president; and if no person or human have a

majority, then from the five highest on the

list the said house shall in like manner choose

the president. But in choosing the president,

the votes shall be taken by states, the representation

from each state having one vote; a quorum for this

purpose shall consist of a member or members from

two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the

states shall be necessary to a choice. In every case,

after choice of the president, the person having

the greatest number of votes of the electors shall

be the vice-president. But if there should

remain two or more who have equal votes, the senate

shall choose from them by ballot the vice-president.

The Congress may determine the time of the choosing

the electors, and the day on which they shall give

their votes; which day shall be the same throughout

the United States. No person or human except a

natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United

States, at the time of the adoption of this

constitution, shall be eligible to the office

of president; neither shall any person be eligible

to that office who shall not have attained to the

age of thirty-five years, and been fourteen

years a resident within the United States.

In case of the removal of the president from

office, or his death, resignation, or inability

to discharge the powers and duties of the said

office, the same shall devolve on the vice-president,

and the Congress may by law provide for the case of

removal, death, resignation or inability, both of

the president and vice-president, declaring what officer shall

then act as president, and such officer shall act

accordingly, until the disability be removed, or

a president be elected. The president shall, at

stated times, receive for his services, a compensation,

which shall neither he or she encreased nor diminished

during the period for which he shall have been elected,

and he shall not receive within that period any

other emolument from the United States, or any of

them. Before his or her enter on the execution of

his or her office, he or her shall take the following

oath or affirmation: "I do solemnly swear (or affirm)

that I will faithfully execute the office of president of

the United States, and will to the best of my

ability, preserve, protect and defend the constitution

of the United States."

Sect. 2. The president shall be commander in chief

of the army and navy of the United States, and of

the militia of the several States, when called into

the actual service of the United States; he may

require the opinion, in writing of the principal

officer in each of the executive departments,

upon any subject relating to the duties of

their respective offices, and he shall have

power to grant reprieves and pardons for offences

against the United States, except in cases

of impeachment. He shall have power, by and with

the advice and consent of the senate, to make

treaties, provided two-thirds of the senators

present concur; and he or she shall nominate,

and by and with the advice and consent of the

senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public

ministers and consuls, judges of the supreme court,

and all other officers of the United States, whose

appointments are not herein otherwise provided for,

and which shall be established by law. But the

Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior

officers, as they think proper, in the president

alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of

departments. The president shall have power to

fill up all vacancies that may happen during the

recess of the senate, by granting commissions which

shall expire at the end of their session.

Sect. 3. He or she shall from time to time give

to the Congress information of the state of the

union, and recommend to their consideration such

measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient;

he or she may, on extraordinary occasions, convene

both houses, or either of them, and in case of

disagreement between them, with respect to the time

of adjournment, he or her may adjourn them to

such time as he or her shall think proper; he

or her shall receive ambassaors and other public

ministers; he shall take care that the

laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission

all the officers of the United States.

Sect. 4. The president, vice-president and

all civil officers of the United States, shall be

removed from office on impeachment for, and conviction

of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.

Article III.

Sect. 1. The judicial power of the United

States shall be vested in one Supreme Court,

and in such inferior courts as the Congress

may from time to time ordain and establish.

The judges, both of the Supreme and inferior

courts, shall hold their offices during good

behavior, and shall, at stated time, receive

for their services a compensation which shall

not be diminished during their continuance in office.

Sect. 2. The judicial power shall extend to

all cases, in law and equity, arising under

this Constitution, the laws of the United

States, and treaties made, or which shall

be made, under their authority; to all cases

affecting ambassadors, other public ministers,

and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime

jurisdiction; to controversies to which the

United States shall be a party; to controversies

between two or more States, between a State

and citizens of another State, between citizens

of different States, between citizens of the

same State claiming lands under grants of

different States, and between a State or the

citizens thereof, and foreign states, citizens,

or subjects.

2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other

public ministers and consuls, and those in

which a State shall be a party, the Supreme Court

shall have original jurisdiction. In all the

other cases before mentioned, the Supreme

Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both

as to law and fact, with such exceptions

and under such regulations as the Congress

shall make.

3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases

of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial

shall be held in the State where the said crimes

shall have been committed; but when not committed

within any State the trial shall be at such

place or places as the Congress may by law have directed.

Sect. 3.

1. Treason against the United States shall

consist only in levying war against them, or

in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid

and comfort. No person or human shall be

convicted of treason unless on the testimony

of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on

confession in open court.

2. The Congress shall have power to declare

the punishment of treason, but no attainder of

treason shall work corruption of blood, or

forfeiture except during the life of the

person attained.



Article IV.

Sect. 1. Full faith and credit shall be

given in each State to the public act, records,

and judicial proceedings of every other

State. And the Congress may, by general laws,

prescribe the manner in which such acts, records,

and proceedings shall be proved, and

the effect thereof.

Sect. 2.

1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to

all privileges and immunities of citizens in the

several States.

2. A person or charged in any State with

treason, felony, or other crime, who shall flee

from justice, and be found in another

State, shall, on demand of the executive authority

of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to

be removed to the State having jurisdiction of the crime.

3. No person or human held to service or labor

in one State, under the laws thereof, escaping into

another, shall, in consequence of any law or

regulation therein, be discharged from such service

or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of

the party to whom such service or labor may be due.

Sect. 3.

1. New States may be admitted by the Congress into

this Union; but no new State shall be formed or

erected within the jurisdiction of any other State,

nor any State be formed by the junction of two or

more States, or parts of States, without the

consent of the legislatures of the States concerned

as well as of the Congress.

2. The Congress shall have power to dispose

of and make all needful rules and regulations

respecting the territory or other property belonging

to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution

shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims

of the United States, or of any particular State.

Sect. 4.

1. The United States shall guarantee to every

State in this Union a republican form of government,

and shall protect each of them against invasion;

and on application of the legislature, or of

the executive (when the legislature cannot be

convened), against domestic violence.

Article V.

1. The Congress, whenever two-thirds of both

House shall deem it necessary, shall propose

amendments to this Constitution, or, on the

application of the legislatures of two-thirds

of the several States, shall call a convention

for proposing amendments, which, in either case,

shall be valid, to all intents and purposes,

as part of this Constitution, when ratified

by the legislatures of three-fourths of the

several States, or by conventions in

three-fourths thereof, as the one or the other

mode of ratification may be proposed by the

Congress; provided [that no amendment which may

be made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred

and eight shall in any manner affect the first

and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the

first Article;] and that no State, without its

consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage

in the Senate.

Article VI.

Sect. 1. All debts contracted and engagements

entered into, before the adoption of this Constitution,

shall be as valid against the United States under

this Constitution, as under the Confederation.

Sect. 2. This Constitution, and the laws of the

United States which shall be made in pursuance

thereof, and all treaties made, or which shall

be made, under the authority of the United

States, shall be the supreme law of the land;

and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby,

anything in the constitution or laws of any

State to the contrary notwithstanding.

Sect. 3. The Senators and Representatives before

mentioned, and the members of the several State

legislatures, and all executive and judicial

officers, both of the United States and of the

several States, shall be bound, by oath or

affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no

religious test shall ever be required as a

qualification to any office or public trust

under the United States.

Article VII.

The ratification of the conventions of nine

States shall be sufficient for the establishment

of this Constitution between the States so

ratifying the same.

Done in Convention, by the unanimous consent

of the States present, the seventeenth day of

September, in the year of our Lord one thousand

seven hundred and eighty-seven, and

of the Independence of the United States

of America the twelfth. In Witness whereof,

we have hereunto subscribed our names.



Attest:William Jackson, Secretary NEW HAMPSHIRE

George Washington John Langdon

PRESIDENT AND DEPUTY FROM VIRGINIA Nicholas Gilman



MASSACHUSETTS NEW YORK

Nathaniel Gorham Alexander Hamilton

Rufus King



NEW JERSEY PENNSYLVANIA

William Livingston Benjamin Franklin

David Brearley Thomas Mifflin

William Paterson Robert Morris

Nonathan Dayton George Clymer

Thomas Fitzsimons

DELAWARE Jared Ingersoll

George Read James Wilson

John Dickinson Gouverneur Morris

Gunning Bedford, Jr

John Dickinson

Richard Bassett MARYLAND

Jacob Broom James McHenry

Dan of St. Thomas Jennifer

VIRGINIA Daniel Carroll

John Blair

James Madison, Jr.

NORTH CAROLINA

William Blount

SOUTH CAROLINA Richard Dobbs Spaight

John Rutledge Hugh Williamson

Charles Cotesworth Pinckney

Charles Pinckney

Pierce Butler GEORIA

William Few

Abraham Baldwin


AMENDMENTS

1st Amendment

Congress shall make no law respecting an

establishment of religion, or prohibiting the

free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom

of speech, or abridging the freedom of any telecast,

telecommunication, by television of any peoples,

or of the press or print; or the right of the

people peaceably to assemble, and to petition

the government for a redress of grievances.

2nd Amendment

A well-regulated militia being necessary to

the security of a free state, the right of the

people to keep and bear arms or shake hands for

peace and good will ,and shall not be infringed,

unless a peoples use them wrongfull, then the arms as

in guns or rockets will be taken away in

due process if any of the peoples use any part there

of in any unlawfull wrongfull ways.

3rd Amendment

No soldier or persons shall, in time of peace,

be quarters in any house, without the consent,

full writing of the owner; nor in time of war,

but in a manner to be prescribed by the law.

4th Amendment

The right of the people to be secure in their

peoples or persons, houses, papers, and effects,

against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall

not be violated; and no warrants shall issue,

but upon probable cause of good reasoning,

supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly

describing the place to be searched and the peoples

or persons or things to be seized.

5th Amendment

No people or person shall be held to

answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous,

crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of

a grand jury, except in cases arising in the

land or naval forces, or in the militia, when

in actual service, in time of war, or public danger;

nor shall any person be subject, for the same

offence, to be twice put in jeopardy of life

or limb; nor shall be compelled, in any criminal case,

to be a witness against hielf; nor be

deprived of life, liberty, or property, money,

without due process of law; nor shall private

property be taken for public use, without

just compensation.

6th Amendment

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused

shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public

trial within 90 days, by an impartial jury of

the state and district wherein the crime shall

have been committed, which district shall have

been previously ascertained by law; and to

be informed of the nature thereof and cause

of the accusation; to be confronted with the

witnesses against him; to have compulsory process

for obtaining witnesses in his favor; and to

have the assistance of counsel for his defense.

7th Amendment

In suits at common law, where the value

in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars,

the right of trial by jury shall be preserved;

and no fact, tried by a jury, shall be otherwise

re-examined in any court of the United States

than according to the rules of the common law.

8th Amendment

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor

excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual

punishment inflicted, but equal inflicted punishment

will be granted within due process of the law.

9th Amendment

The enumeration in the Constitution of

certain rights shall not be construed to deny or

disparage others retained by the people.

10th Amendment

The powers not delegated to the United States

shall not be construed to extend to any suit

in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against

one of the United States by citizens of another

State or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state.

11th Amendment

The judicial power of the United States shall

not be construed to extend to any suit in law

or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one

of the United States by citizens of another

State or by citizens or subjects of any foreign

state or foreign country.

12th Amendment

The Electors shall meet in their respective

States, and vote by ballot for President and

Vice President, one of whom, at least, shall

not be an inhabitant of the same State with

themselves; they shall name in their ballots

the person or human voted for as President,

and in distinct ballots the person or human

voted for as Vice President; and they shall

make distinct lists of all persons or humans

voted for as President, and of all persons

or humans voted for as Vice President,

and of the number of votes for each, which

lists they shall sign, and certify, and transmit,

sealed, to the seat of the Government of

the United States, directed to the President

of the Senate; the President of the Senate shall,

in the presence of the Senate and the

House of Representatives, open all the

certificates, and the votes shall then be counted;

the person having the greatest number of votes

for President shall be the President, if such

number be a majority of the whole number of

Electors appointed; and if no person or human have

such a majority, then, from the persons or

humans having the highest numbers, not exceeding

three, on the list of those voted for a President,

the House of Representative shall choose

immediately, by ballot, the President. But in

choosing the President, the votes shall be taken

by States, the representation from each State

having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall

consist of a member or members from two-thirds

of the States, and a majority of all the States shall

be necessary to a choice. And if the House

of Representatives shall not choose a President,

whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon

them, before the fourth day of March next

following] the Vice President shall act as

President, as in case of death, or other

constitutional disability of the President.

The person or human having the greatest number

of votes as Vice President, shall be the Vice

President, if such number be a majority of the

whole number of Electors appointed; and if no

person or human have a majority, then, form

the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate

shall choose the Vice President; a quorum for the

purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole

number of Senators; a majority of the whole

number shall be necessary to a choice. But

no person or human constitutionally ineligible

to the office of President shall be eligible to

that of Vice-President of the United States.

13th Amendment

Sect. 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude,

except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party

shall have been duly convicted,

shall exist within the United States, or any place

subject to their jurisdiction.

Sect. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce

this article by appropriate legislation.

14th Amendment

Sect. 1. All persons born or naturalized

in the United States, and subject to the

jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the

United States and of the State wherein they

reside. No State shall make or enforce any

law which shall abridge the privileges or

ways of life or immunities of citizens of the

United States; nor shall any State deprive any

person of life, liberty, or property, without due

process of law, nor deny any person or human

within jurisdiction of north America the equal

protection of the laws that is use of the laws

within due process.

Sect. 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among

the several States according to their respective

numbers, counting the whole number of persons or

humans in each State, excluding Indians not taxed.

But when the right to vote at any election for the

choice of electors for President and Vice President

of the United States, Representatives in Congress,

the executive and judicial officers of a State, or

the members of the legislature thereof,

is denied to any of the male inhabitants of

such State, being twenty-one years of age, and

citizens of the United States, or in any way

abridged, except for participation in rebellion

or other crime, the basis of representation

therein shall be reduced in the proportion which

the number of such male and female citizens shall

bear to the whole number of male or female citizens

twenty-one years of age in such State.

Sect. 3. No person or human shall be a Senator

or Representative in Congress, or elector of

President and Vice President, or hold any office,

civil or military, under the United States, or

under any State, who, having previously taken an

oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer

of the United States, or as a member of any

State legislature, or as an executive

or judicial officer of any State, to support

the Constitution of the United States, shall have

engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the

same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies

thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds

of each House, remove such disability.

Sect. 4. The validity of the public debt of the

United States, authorized by law, including debts

incurred for payment of pensions and

bounties for services in suppressing insurrection

or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But

neither the United States nor any State shall assume

or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid

of insurrection or rebellion against the United

States, or any claim for the loss of any servant of a

house without just compensation to the servant;

but all such debts, obligations, and claims

shall be held payable to the servant

or the servants family.

Sect. 5. The Congress shall have power to

enforce, by appropriate legislation, the

provisions of this article so long as the

servant be granted just compensation this

is reasonable pay by moneys.

15th Amendment

Sect. 1. The right of citizens of the United

States to vote shall not be denied or abridged

by the United States or by any State

on account of race, color, sex, or previous

condition of servitude.

Sect. 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce

this article by appropriate legislation.

16th Amendment

The Congress shall have power to lay and

collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source

derived, without apportionment among

the several States and without regard to

any census or enumeration.

17th Amendment

The Senate of the United States shall be

composed of two Senators from each State,

elected by the people thereof, for six years;

and each Senator shall have one vote. The

electors in each State shall have the

qualifications requisite for electors

of the most numerous branch of the State

legislatures. When vacancies happen in the

representation of any State in the Senate,

the executive authority of such State shall

issue writs of election to fill such vacancies:

Provided, That the legislature of any State may

empower the executive thereof to make temporary

appointment until the people fill the

vacancies by election as the legislature

may direct. This amendment shall not be so

construed as to affect the election or

term of any Senator chosen before it becomes

valid as part of the Constitution.

18th Amendment

Sect. 1. After one year from the ratification

of this article the manufacture, sale or

transportation of intoxicating liquors within,

the importation thereof into, or the exportation

thereof from the United States and all territory

subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage

purposes is hereby prohibited.

Sect. 2. The Congress and the several States

shall have concurrent power to enforce this

article by appropriate legislation.

Sect. 3. This article shall be inoperative

unless it shall have been ratified as an

amendment to the Constitution by the

legislatures of the several States,

as provided in the Constitution,

within seven years of the date of the

submission hereof to the States

by Congress.

19th Amendment

The right of citizens of the United States to

vote shall not be denied or abridged by the

United States or by any State on account

of there sex.

Congress shall have power to enforce this

article by appropriate legislation.

20th Amendment

Sect. 1. The terms of the President and Vice

President shall end at noon on the 20th day of

January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives

at noon on the 3d day of January, of the

years in which such terms would have ended

if this article had not been ratified; and the

terms of their successors shall then begin.

Sect. 2. The Congress shall assemble at least

once in every years, and such meeting shall

begin at noon on the 3d day of January,

unless they shall by law appoint a different

day.

Sect. 3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning

of the term of the President, the President-elect

shall have died, the Vice President-elect shall

become President. If a President shall not

have been chosen before the time fixed for

the beginning of his term, or if the President-

elect shall have failed to qualify, then

the Vice President-elect shall act as President

until a President shall have qualified; and the

Congress may by law provide for the case wherein

neither a President-elect nor a Vice President-elect

shall have qualified, declaring who shall then

act as President, or the manner in which one who

is to act shall be selected, and such person or

human shall act accordingly until a President or Vice

President shall have qualified.

Sect. 4. The Congress may by law provide for

the case of the death of any of the persons or

humans from whom the House of Representatives

may choose a President whenever the right of choice

shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of

the death of any of the persons or humans from whom

the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the

right of choice shall have devolved upon them.

Sect. 5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on

the 15th day of October following the ratification

of this article.

Sect. 6. This article shall be inoperative

unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment

to the Constitution by three-fourths

of the several States within seven years from the

date of its submission.


21st Amendment

Sect. 1. The eighteenth article of amendment

to the Constitution of the United States is

hereby repealed.

Sect. 2. The transportation or importation

into any State, Territory, or possession of

the United States for delivery or use

therein of intoxicating liquors, or drugs

in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby

prohibited.

Sect. 3. This article shall be inoperative

unless it shall have been ratified as an

amendment to the Constitution by conventions

in the several States, as provided in the

Constitution, within seven years from the date

of the submission hereof to the States

by the Congress.


22nd Amendment

Sect. 1. No person or human shall be elected

to the office of the President more than twice,

and no person or human who has held the office

of President, or acted as President, for more

than two years of a term to which some other

person or human was elected President shall

be elected to the office of the President

more than once. But this Article shall not

apply to any person or human holding the

office of President when this

Article was proposed by the Congress, and shall

not prevent any person or human who may be

holding the office of President, or acting as

President, during the term within which

his Article becomes operative

from holding the office of President or

acting as President during the remainder of such term.

Sect. 2. This article shall be inoperative

unless it shall have been ratified as an

amendment to the Constitution by the

legislatures of three-fourths of the

several states within seven years from

the date of its submission to the States

by the Congress.

23rd Amendment

Sect. 1. The District constituting the

seat of Government of the United States

shall appoint in such manner as the

Congress may direct: A number of electors

of President and Vice President equal to the whole

number of Senators and Representative in

Congress to which the District

would be entitled if it were a State,

but in no event more than the least

populous State; they shall be considered,

for the purposes of the election

of President and Vice President, to be electors

appointed by a State; and they shall meet in

the District and perform such duties

as provided by the twelfth article of amendment.

Sect. 2. The Congress shall have power to

enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

24th Amendment

Sect. 1. The right of citizens of the United

States to vote in any primary or other election

for President or Vice President,

for electors for President or Vice President,

or for Senator or Representative in Congress,

shall not be denied or abridged by

the United States or any State by reason

of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.

Sect. 2.The Congress shall have power to

enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

25th Amendment

Sect. 1. In case of the removal of the President

from office or of his death or resignation, the

Vice President shall become President.

Sect. 2. Whenever there is a vacancy in the

office of the Vice President, the President

shall nominate a Vice President who shall take

office upon confirmation by a majority vote of

both Houses of Congress.

Sect. 3. Whenever the President transmits

to the President pro tempore of the Senate

and the Speakers of the House of

Representatives his written declaration

that he is unable to discharge the powers

and duties of his office, and until he transmits

to them a written declaration to the contrary,

such powers and duties shall be discharged by

the Vice President as Acting President.

Sect. 4. Whenever the Vice President and a

majority of either the principal officers of

the executive departments or of such other

body as Congress may by law provide, transmit

to the President pro tempore of the Senate

and the Speaker of the House of Representatives

their written declaration that the President

is unable to discharge the powers and duties

of his office, the Vice President shall

immediately assume the powers and duties

of the office as Acting President. Thereafter,

when the President transmits to the

President pro tempore of the Senate and

the Speaker of the House of Representatives

his written declaration that no inability exists, he

shall resume the powers and duties of his

office unless the Vice President and a majority

of either the principal officers of the

executive department or of such other body

as Congress may by law provide, transmit within

four days to the President pro tempore of the

Senate and the Speaker of the House of

Representatives their written declaration

that the President is unable to discharge the

powers and duties of his office. Thereupon

Congress shall decide the issue, assembling

within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in

session. If the Congress, within twenty-one

days after Congress is required to assemble,

determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that

the President is unable to discharge the powers

and duties of his or her office, the Vice President

shall continue to discharge the same as Acting

President; otherwise, the President shall

resume the powers and duties of his or her office.


26th Amendment

Sect. 1. The right of citizens of the United States,

who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall

not be denied or abridged by the United States or

by any State on account of age.

Sect. 2. The Congress shall have the power to

enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

THIS IS A UPDATE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION FROM

THE ORIGINAL CONTEXT ON THE DEMOCRACY OF THE UNITED STATES OF NORTH AMERICA.

IN THE YEAR NINETEEN HUNDREDTH NINETY ONE.

John Kennedy Jr. reviewed the 1991 copy  and sent it back edited.  John Jr. e-mailed the copy back early 1997.

This new Constitution has been put here for you all to vote for, and make it a new Nation for and by all of us of a new day.
There were 850 copies posted and sent out in 1991 for review as file USA-NEW.EXE on BBS all across America and 35
mailed on disks for review in 1991.
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